The Memorial Tunnel, an abandoned road tunnel
in West Virginia, was modified, retrofitted with new ventilation
equipment, and instrumented to evaluate ventilation system performance
during full-scale testing. The ventilation systems tested included:
- Full Transverse Ventilation
- Partial Transverse Ventilation
- Partial Transverse Ventilation with Single
- Partial Transverse Ventilation with Oversized
- Point Supply and Point Exhaust Operation
- Natural Ventilation
- Longitudinal Ventilation with Jet Fans
A total of 98 tests were carried out with
fires ranging in intensity from 10 to 100 MW.
Phase I focused on test program development.
This included an assessment of the tunnel's condition, identification
of recommended modifications, designation of the ventilation system
types to be tested, and formation of the test plan. Phase II addressed
the design of the test facility, and Phase III involved test facility
construction, testing, and data evaluation.
The results of the tests generated an extensive
database that included air temperature, flow field and smoke distribution
data as a function of fire heat release rate, ventilation system
type, capacity and operation. The results of the program were documented
in a Comprehensive Test Report. In 1996, a CD-ROM version of the
report was produced, and it includes all of the data contained in
the 9-volume report along with photographs, animations, and video
clips of actual test fires.
Follow this link to learn more about the
Memorial Tunnel Interactive CD-ROM & Comprehensive